HLS Dean Martha Minow received the Gold Medal for Outstanding Contribution to Public Discourse from the College Historical Society of Trinity College, Dublin at a ceremony on Nov. 13, 2012. The College Historical Society, popularly referred to as “The Hist,” is one of the world’s oldest undergraduate debating societies, established in 1770. It is “built on a belief that discourse and intellectualism are vital to the program of society.”Minow received the award for her leadership in the area of human rights and her advocacy for members of racial and religious minorities, women, and persons with disabilities. Upon accepting the award, she gave a lecture on the question, “Should Child Soldiers be Forgiven?”Previous recipients of the Gold Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Public Discourse include Iranian judge and civil rights activist Shirin Ebadi, Burmese politician and democracy advocate Aung San Suu Kyi, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, author, activist and philosopher Noam Chomsky, economist Jeffery Sachs, economist Joseph Stiglitz and former president of South Africa F.W. de Klerk.The late Massachusetts Sen. Edward M. Kennedy was also a recipient. Upon receiving the medal, he stated, “I consider this occasion one of the greatest honors of my public life, as well as an opportunity to express myself in matters that I feel are vital to our time.”
Origin of the Sino-Tibetan language family about 5,900 years ago? Yeah, that’s about right, within error.If you are an evolutionist, with no regard for Old Testament chronologies, how old would you estimate languages are? According to the evolutionary timeline, Homo erectus, Neanderthal Man, Denisovans and other “archaic humans” were migrating around Africa, Europe and Asia for many hundreds of thousands of years. Even modern humans looked pretty much like us as far back as 350,000 years ago, according to a recent find in Morocco (11 July 2018). Whether any of these people groups had language is impossible to know without written records, but can be inferred. They certainly had art earlier than 40,000 years ago, indicating cognitive sophistication at least by then. And when it comes to brain size, there was no shortage of capacity there for complex communication. Hunting, tool making and controlled use of fire go even further back in the evolutionary scenario.It would be unreasonable to expect humans with teamwork and social cohesion at these levels not having language. And if they did communicate, the utterances were most likely more sophisticated than grunts. The accoutrements of language—grammar, syntax, and semantics—would become necessary quickly, along with language conventions known and taught to all the members of the group. Let’s speculate that, in this evolutionary view of human history language probably originated 300,000 years ago, if not earlier.How about less than 10,000 years ago? How about less than that? If that were true, the dates would look nearly Biblical.A new study by 4 Asian linguists, published in Nature, concludes a shockingly young date. Old estimates put the particular language family called “Sino-Tibetan” (mother tongue of Tibetan, Chinese and other Asian languages) at 9,000 years or older. In the same issue of Nature, Randy J. LaPolla writes a “News & Views” piece about “The origin and spread of the Sino-Tibetan language family.”A robust computational approach with added finesse provides evidence to support the view that the Sino-Tibetan languages arose in northern China and began to split into branches about 5,900 years ago.Apparently the new study undermines the previous 9,000 year estimate, providing strong support for the younger date.The location and timing of the emergence of the Sino-Tibetan language family has long been debated. This family has around 1.5 billion speakers worldwide, the second largest number of speakers globally after those who speak languages in the Indo-European family. One school of thought is that the ancestral language (Proto-Sino-Tibetan) from which all the Sino-Tibetan languages evolved originated in northern China around 4,000–6,000 years ago. An alternative view is that it arose 9,000 years ago in southwest China or northeast India.Writing in Nature, Zhang et al. report a study that might settle this debate. The authors gathered evidence about the Sino-Tibetan language family and its speakers from disciplines including genetics, computational biology, linguistics, archaeology and anthropology, and also compiled information about the development of agriculture and its possible effects on human migrations in the region. They then used a method of probability testing to assess the different language family trees that could be made on the basis of this evidence.On the basis of their “robust” interdisciplinary approach, “Their analysis indicates that, consistent with one current model, the ancestral form of the language originated approximately 5,900 years ago in northern China, in the basin of the Yellow River.”Biblical creationists might have squirmed at the 9,000 year date, finding it hard to stretch the chronologies of Genesis that far back. According to Answers in Genesis, one of the best-known and staunch Biblical creation organizations, the division of languages at the Tower of Babel occurred in 2242 BC. Adding the current year would make that 4,261 years ago. That’s off by over 1,600 years from the date of the new study, but one must recognize the sources of error in Zhang et al‘s approach. Their date embeds numerous unproveable assumptions:According to prior settings of calibrations in previous work, we selected two kinds of distributions: the normal distribution for situations that involve a probable date with an evenly distributed estimated-error factor, and the uniform distribution for assessing the potential ranges of divergence times. Our goal was to obtain an inferred phylogeny of the Sino-Tibetan languages. Therefore, we did not set any monophyletic constraints as priors, even if they were well-attested language branches.The researchers had no desire or interest in confirming a Biblical date, so they assumed evolutionary dates and processes. Even so, the results did not look evolutionary:Although we adopt a family-tree model to demonstrate the lineages among the Sino-Tibetan languages, we do not claim that the cultural history of Sino-Tibetan speakers is indeed tree-like. Population migrations and interactions among speakers of Sino-Tibetan languages were complex and occurred over a long period of time. As a consequence, substantial language contact among the Sino-Tibetan languages could have occurred at an early stage of the diversification of these languages, and could continue into the present. These contacts have previously been known to have occurred among the Sino-Tibetan languages, as well as with the surrounding Austronesian, Tai–Kadai and Hmong–Mien languages (Supplementary Information, sections 2.5, 2.6). Unfortunately, we cannot yet provide concrete data for identifying these influences, and we cannot, therefore, reconstruct the explicit genetic relationships between the Sino-Tibetan languages and other language families. Many Sino-Tibetan languages remain poorly described, which makes it challenging to perform definite comparisons in historical linguistics. Thus, the study of the evolution of the Sino-Tibetan languages is at an early stage and requires additional interdisciplinary data. To explicitly demonstrate the evolution of the Sino-Tibetan languages, we need comprehensive archaeological surveys and sufficient evidence from studies of ancient DNA.Suffice it to say that the error bars are large, and one cannot stuff human beings’ mental activities into simplistic evolutionary trees. Through force of will, humans can decide on quick changes to their languages, while other groups can remain complacent with traditional words and meanings for long periods. Human interactions are complex.That being said, the authors of the study came up with a surprisingly recent date. Considering errors, their date for the “origin and spread” of this large language family could fit the Biblical time frame of the days of migration following the Tower of Babel. Conversely, their date seems far, far too recent to fit into an evolutionary timeline of hundreds of thousands of years.Update 5/06/19: A separate paper by Sagart et al in PNAS uses additional methods to calculate the appearance of the Sino-Tibetan language at 7,200 years B.P. (before present). That is still significantly earlier than previous estimates.The Biblical picture is that after the Flood, all the descendants of Noah’s sons stayed close together, disobeying God’s command to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. They tried to make a name for themselves, not to glorify their Creator, by building a city and a tower (probably a religious center for idolatry).And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language, and this is only the beginning of what they will do. And nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and there confuse their language, so that they may not understand one another’s speech.” So the Lord dispersed them from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city. Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth. And from there the Lord dispersed them over the face of all the earth. (Genesis 11:6-9)Notice that God opposed to one-world government. Global governance would be very bad for fallen mankind, because it would give Satan a central point of control over everyone. God, therefore, forced man apart into nation-states by confusing their languages. This means that language families are not evolutionary, but created. Names like “Proto-Indo-European” and “Proto-Sino-Tibetan” do not imply these languages were primitive. Creationists would expect they were complex from the start, and have devolved since. Paul elaborates on the plan of God for nation-states when speaking on Mars Hill to the Athenians:And he made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined allotted periods and the boundaries of their dwelling place, that they should seek God, and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him. (Acts 17:26-27)We find unity and diversity in this passage: all people are members of “one man” (KJV, “one blood”), a single human race from Adam and Eve, responsible to God equally at the judgment, and yet nations with boundaries that could act as checks and balances against each other’s evil intentions. With this arrangement, individuals could “seek God, and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him” easier than if everyone was indoctrinated by a central authority. Even if no one does seek after God (Romans 3:9-18), God can reach out to them through creation, conscience and revelation before they become mind-numbed robots of a central state. Individuals who have options to move out of a nation-state have better hope of responding to God.Another support for the Biblical timeline is found in Genesis 10, the Table of Nations. This remarkable chapter fits what we know about the history of people groups. The Bible says they migrated from the Tower of Babel after God confused their languages. Many of the names listed match those from independent records of nations’ historical accounts. Unlike the absurd stories from some national myths, this account has the ring of truth, with its details and matter-of-fact writing.Importantly, this is all recent! Unlike evolutionary moyboy accounts that stre-t-t-t-ch human history into hundreds of thousands of years (because Charlie needs the time), the facts of history show all this occurring recently, in just a few thousands of years. Humans are restless. They can cover lots of ground in just years or decades or centuries. Think of all the changes in American history in just 250 years. Intelligent minds (not evolutionary happenstances) can bring rapid change. Long ages actually hinder the explanation of history. Who needs long ages besides Charlie? The new study on the origin of Sino-Tibetan languages fits what the Bible says. (Visited 576 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio landowners could avoid soaring property tax increases in the future as both the House and Senate introduced bills that make changes to the Current Agricultural Use Value (CAUV) formula that would result in more accurate valuations for landowners.Rep. Brian Hill, R-Zanesville, is the sponsor of House Bill 398, and Sen. Cliff Hite, R-Findlay, is the sponsor of Senate Bill 246.“We appreciate Representative Hill’s and Senator Hite’s leadership in sponsoring these bills, which will improve the accuracy of the CAUV formula and mitigate the size of tax increases,” said John C. (Jack) Fisher, Ohio Farm Bureau Federation Executive Vice President.Ohio Farm Bureau has done an extensive study of the CAUV program and identified adjustments to the formula that would provide fairness and accuracy while protecting the integrity of the program. Because no administrative action has been taken on its proposed CAUV changes, Ohio Farm Bureau began pursuing legislative changes.Both bills would enact Ohio Farm Bureau’s suggested CAUV changes. The organization is challenging two inaccurate assumptions in the CAUV formula’s capitalization rate: that land is a short-term investment and that it becomes more valuable as its mortgage is paid down.The two bills would prohibit certain non-agricultural factors from being used in the CAUV formula and remove disincentives for farmers to engage in certain conservation practices. The current CAUV formula assumes land is held for only five years when in reality farmland is typically held for decades and across multiple generations. Currently, there are non-use factors in the formula that inflate farmland value by assuming land appreciates and landowners achieve equity buildup at predetermined rates. But these have nothing to do with the agricultural use of the land. In both bills, the use of equity buildup and appreciation factors would be prohibited.Also in the bills are stipulations that CAUV land used for a conservation practice or enrolled in a federal land retirement or conservation program for at least three years be valued at the lowest of the values assigned on the basis of soil type. This requirement would encourage practices that protect the environment and water quality. Currently, farmers are discouraged from idling land because it is taxed as though it is producing crops. Farm Bureau believes taxing conservation lands at the CAUV minimum value is appropriate because conservation lands are non-producing.This is Ohio Farm Bureau’s second set of recommended changes to the CAUV program. The Ohio Department of Taxation enacted Ohio Farm Bureau’s first round of suggested changes: to more closely tie tax values to current economic conditions in agriculture; include more recent data on crop mix, prices, yields and production costs; and better represent the true value of woodlands compared to cropland. Those changes affect taxes paid in 2016 for counties going through a reassessment this year.
The Indian government on Tuesday cleared the Pakistani team’s much-anticipated short tour of India for three One-day Internationals and two Twenty20 Internationals in December-January.The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) president Muhammad Zaka Ashraf immediately welcomed the decision with warmth, and disclosed that over 300 VIPs, besides thousands of fans, could travel to India to watch the matches.An India-Pakistan bilateral series hasn’t taken place for almost five years, due to political tension following the Mumbai terror attacks in 2008. The last time the two countries played a Test match was in December 2007 in Chennai and an ODI a month before that.The tour was cleared at a meeting between a four-member delegation of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and a high-level team of the home ministry and the Intelligence Bureau here.”Present at the meeting were Union Home secretary RK Singh, joint secretary, director of the Intelligence Bureau, and other key officials,” a top source told Mail Today. “The cricket body was represented by BCCI chief administrative officer Ratnakar Shetty, Kashi Vishwanathan (secretary of the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association) who was representing BCCI president N Srinivasan, IPL chairman Rajeev Shukla and IPL COO Sundar Raman.” Shukla, who holds dual responsibilities as a Union Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and Planning, is believed to have played a key role in the resumption of the series.The source said that the PCB would be informed about the official tour clearance most probably on Wednesday.Mail Today was the first to report, on May 19, that the resumption of the bilateral series was “imminent”, based on what Srinivasan had said at a marketing committee meeting.Ashraf said Pakistani fans are already excited about the series. “More than 300 VIPs, comprising politicians and non-resident Pakistanis, could visit India to watch the matches,” Ashraf told Mail Today from Pakistan.”I have got calls from Pakistanis living in United Arab Emirates, USA, Britain and some other countries, saying that they want to go to India for the matches. They’re mostly technical people, like engineers and doctors, besides top businessmen.”Ashraf said he had a good meeting with Srinivasan in Sri Lanka during the World T20 in September-October. “He told me that the BCCI would hold a press conference to announce the itinerary and also formally inform us about it. Once that’s done, the PCB executive will meet and welcome the clearance as a positive one,” he said.”The resumption of the series is a good step, in the right direction. Cricket relations between the two countries should flourish and fans should not be deprived of matches between the two great teams.”Srinivasan on Tuesday gave credit to the entire BCCI for the resumption of bilateral cricket. “The working committee earlier approved it. It’s a collective decision; it’s a feather in every body’s cap… everybody in BCCI. It’s good that the tour is starting. I think it’ll be very interesting and good for cricket,” Srinivasan told Mail Today.He struck a personal rapport with Ashraf after inviting him to watch the IPL final in May. The bond between them grew stronger when Ashraf visited Srinivasan in hospital after he was admitted following exhaustion during the final match. “I don’t take all these things personally. I think it’s a great success of the BCCI. Cricket fans in India love to see India-Pakistan cricket, and I’m very happy that it’s going to take place,” said Srinivasan. The BCCI chief said that the government would take good care of the Pakistani team’s security. “India is a secure country. I don’t think there are any issues in providing security. It’s not an issue,” he averred.Srinivasan said that the itinerary would be announced soon, though the dates and venues are now known. The T20 Internationals are expected to be played in Bangalore on Dec 25 and in Ahmedabad on December 27 while the ODIs are scheduled to be staged in Chennai on Dec 30, in Kolkata on Jan 3 and in Delhi on Jan 6.Asked if top Pakistani and Indian politicians would witness the matches, Srinivasan said he didn’t have any information at the moment.advertisement
Spurs regard Real Madrid bigger pull for Pochettino than Man Utdby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham see Real Madrid as a bigger threat to keeping hold of manager Mauricio Pochettino ahead of Manchester United.The Irish Independent says United have made Pochettino their No 1 target to succeed Jose Mourinho as the next permanent manager.The Old Trafford club are prepared to pay a world-record compensation fee to tempt Spurs to release Pochettino, and are hopeful they can convince him to take on the biggest job in English football.But sources close to the north London club claim Tottenham believe Real are a bigger threat to their hopes of keeping Pochettino if the La Liga giants choose to make another managerial change at the end of the season.While there is a recognition that United would be an attractive proposition, Tottenham insiders feel Pochettino would be torn over quitting to immediately join another English club. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
The project, entitled ‘Construction and Improvement of Police Buildings’, is being implemented by the Ministry of National Security. The Government will be spending $1.2 billion to construct and renovate police stations and other buildings. Story Highlights The Government will be spending $1.2 billion to construct and renovate police stations and other buildings.The project, entitled ‘Construction and Improvement of Police Buildings’, is being implemented by the Ministry of National Security.As outlined in the 2019/20 Estimates of Expenditure, now before the House of Representatives, the money will go towards the construction and expansion of the Caribbean Regional Drug Law Enforcement Training Centre (REDTRAC) building’s second floor; the acquisition of land and completion of building design for the accommodation facility in Montpelier, St. James.It will also go towards the construction of an autopsy suite in Kingston; and construction of the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) Divisional Headquarters in Port Maria, St. Mary and Port Antonio, Portland.The project is being financed from the Consolidated Fund and is slated for completion in March 2022.The Estimates will be considered by the Standing Finance Committee of the House from March 4 to 5. As outlined in the 2019/20 Estimates of Expenditure, now before the House of Representatives, the money will go towards the construction and expansion of the Caribbean Regional Drug Law Enforcement Training Centre (REDTRAC) building’s second floor; the acquisition of land and completion of building design for the accommodation facility in Montpelier, St. James.
CALGARY – The National Energy Board is issuing a stern warning to the company building the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion for installing mats in streams to discourage fish from spawning where the pipeline is to be built.In a letter on its website, the regulator orders the company building the line from Edmonton to Burnaby, B.C., to stop installing the mats until it has obtained all approvals from the board to allow the start of construction in those areas.In a blog dated Sept. 12 on the project website, Trans Mountain describes the “innovative use of snow fencing” in streams to protect spawning salmon and trout.It says its biologists had temporarily laid plastic fencing on the bottom of some sections of five streams through mid-August 2017 in preparation for pipeline construction there in early 2018, adding it had identified a total of 26 streams in British Columbia and Alberta where the mats would be used prior to spawning season.In an email, Trans Mountain spokesman Ali Hounsell says the spawning deterrents were considered a “preventive measure” to minimize environmental impacts of construction, adding the company is working on a response to the NEB order.Greenpeace Canada energy strategist Keith Stewart says it’s hard to believe that Trans Mountain owner Kinder Morgan didn’t know or failed to check to see if its anti-spawning strategy was allowed.
VICTORIA – British Columbia’s labour minister has appointed an economist to lead a commission to advise the government on boosting the province’s minimum wage to $15 an hour.Prof. Marjorie Griffin Cohen of Simon Fraser University will chair the Fair Wages Commission, which also includes Ken Peacock, vice-president at the Business Council of British Columbia, and Ivan Limpright, president of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union.The commission is expected to deliver a report with a timeline to raise the minimum wage within 90 days of its first meeting.The New Democrats had previously set a deadline of 2021 to raise the minimum wage but Labour Minister Harry Bains said that will now be up to the commission to determine.“We want to de-politicize this whole process so that they consult with small businesses, consult with workers, consult with the community leaders to make sure that they come back with the recommendations that will give small businesses at least a gradual, predictable, and common sense increases so they have certainty to adjust their cost of labour over a period of time,” he said.The NDP had promised to increase the minimum wage to $15 per hour but after forming a government it agreed with the Green party to set up a commission that would oversee regular rate reviews.The commission will also review wages of liquor servers and agricultural workers that are tied to separate rates.Bains said the commission has also been asked to report on closing the gap between the minimum and living wage, which varies between communities.Cohen said average hourly wages in B.C. are lower than the national average.“These low wages have contributed to growing inequality and poverty for many working people and their families,” she said.The commission has a budget of $490,000 over two years, which will largely fund travel and consultations.
WASHINGTON – A rising stock market lifted U.S. household wealth to a record $106.9 trillion in the April-June quarter, the culmination of a decade of economic recovery but a gain that is concentrated largely among the most affluent.The value of Americans’ stock and mutual fund portfolios rose $800 billion last quarter, while home values increased $600 billion, the Federal Reserve said Thursday. Total household wealth is now 2.1 per cent higher than in the first quarter, when it was $104.7 trillion.The Fed’s report came on a day when a wave of buying on Wall Street sent U.S. stocks surging and lifted both the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Standard & Poor’s 500 stock index to all-time highs. The Dow has gained nearly 8 per cent this year, the S&P nearly 10 per cent.Household net worth reflects the value of assets like homes, bank accounts and stocks minus debts like mortgages and credit cards. The data aren’t adjusted for inflation or population growth.They also don’t reflect the experiences of most U.S. households. Stock market wealth has been flowing disproportionately — and increasingly — to the most affluent households. The richest one-tenth of Americans own about 84 per cent of the value of stocks. That’s up from 81 per cent just before the Great Recession began in late 2007.That trend is concerning to some economists, who regard such sizable disparities in wealth as unhealthy for an economy. When lower- and middle-income people don’t share much in overall prosperity, many are forced to absorb more debt and take other financial risks.“I would be happy in a world where we saw big stock increases — if stocks were more broadly distributed across the population,” said Josh Bivens, director of research at the liberal Economic Policy Institute. “The fact that is where most of the gains are going is worrisome.”In theory, greater household wealth can speed the economy by making consumers feel richer and more likely to spend. But most consumers are spending less of their wealth than they did before the recession began, economists have found.Americans are saving nearly 7 per cent of their incomes, according to Commerce Department figures. That figure has remained fairly steady for five years even as the stock market has set new highs and average home prices have increased faster than most people’s wages. That trend suggests that many people remain cautious about cashing in their wealth, economists say, perhaps because they regard it as less stable than in the past.The rising concentration of wealth among affluent and educated Americans is another factor why the nation’s increased net worth isn’t accelerating the pace of consumer spending. Richer households are less likely to spend their wealth gains than middle- or lower-income households are.America’s richest 10 per cent of households were nearly 120 times wealthier than the lower middle class in 2016, the most recent year for which figures are provided in a separate Fed report. That is up from 112 times in 2013. (The lower middle class was defined as those whose wealth placed them between the 25th and 50th percentiles of net worth.)The top 10 per cent had an average net worth of $5.34 million; for the lower middle class, the figure was $44,700.In 2008, the year the financial crisis erupted, U.S. household net worth was $58.9 trillion. Nearly a decade later, it has almost doubled.Sharp disparities in wealth also cut across racial lines. The median white household has a net worth of $171,000, according to Fed data. That’s about 10 times the typical net worth for a black household of $17,200. For Latinos, it was $20,700. (The median is the point at which half the population has more and half has less.)The Fed revised its previous quarterly data to show that household wealth was higher earlier this year than previously reported. Household wealth in the first quarter is now about $4 billion higher than was original reported, mostly because of higher pension reserves than previously estimated.___AP Economics Writer Josh Boak contributed to this report.
Milan: Cristiano Ronaldo’s absence through injury could give Moise Kean the chance to shine with Juventus after the teenager’s stunning breakthrough with Italy during the international break. Ronaldo looks set to miss the champions next three Serie A games, against Empoli on Saturday, Cagliari on April 2, and AC Milan four days later after picking up a right thigh injury playing for Portugal. The 34-year-old was rested by Juventus in their last Serie A game, after his hat-trick against Atletico Madrid sealed a place in the Champions League quarter-finals against Ajax. Also Read – Puducherry on top after 8-wkt win over ChandigarhAnd without the Portuguese star Massimiliano Allegri’s side suffered their first league defeat this season 2-0 against Genoa. Juventus are still closing in on an eighth consecutive Scudetto with a 15-point gap on second-placed Napoli. And Kean will be hoping to get a chance to showcase his talents for their first game at home against Empoli since their dramatic victory over Atletico in the Allianz Stadium. The 19-year-old won his first cap for Italy in a friendly last November, but it was his second appearance for the former world champions that has brought him into the spotlight. Also Read – Vijender’s next fight on Nov 22, opponent to be announced laterHe became the youngest Italian to score in over 60 years in their 2-0 Euro 2020 qualifying win over Finland last Saturday. He scored again in a 6-0 rout of Liechtenstein on Tuesday. Being in a star-studded squad alongside five-time Ballon d’Or winner Ronaldo means that Kean’s opportunities of regular action have been limited. But ahead of Juventus’ return leg against Atletico, Allegri handed Kean his first Serie A start of the season against Udinese and the forward seized his rare opportunity with a brace. “I always try to be ready and train regularly so that I’m prepared when the time comes,” Kean said.
LUCERNE, Switzerland — GaultMillau Switzerland and its sponsoring-partner, the Lucerne watch manufacturerCarl F. Bucherer, have voted. The “Hotel of the year 2008” has been confirmed. The crown for extraordinary Swiss ‘hotelsmanship’ goes to the Grand Hotel Kronenhof in Pontresina. On 25 August, the “2008 Hotel of the Year” Award was presented by GaultMilliau Switzerland and Carl F. Bucherer to the Grand Hotel Kronenhof, which has been under the management of Heinz E. and Jenny Hunkeler since autumn 2006. Attending the festive occasion in the hotel’s grounds were Thomas Morf, CEO of Carl F. Bucherer, and Boris Blank, the watch brand’s ambassador, together with many guests from the political and tourism circles in the Engadine. “The Kronenhof has always worn a crown, but this distinction gives it another more beautiful one, indeed the most beautiful crown”, acknowledged Heinz E. Hunkeler proudly in his speech of thanks.For the second time now, Carl F. Bucherer acted as sponsor for the selection of the GaultMillau hotel of the year. The independent watch manufacturer with its head offices in Lucerne was pleased that the distinction was awarded to the only five-star hotel in Pontresina. The Grand Hotel Kronenhof distinguished itself through its exclusivity, innovation, tradition and high level of quality. “A hotel was selected, which reflects the values of our company and our products perfectly”, explained Bruno Jufer, Marketing Director for Carl F. Bucherer.Carl F. Bucherer will also assist GaultMillau in its role as the main sponsor of the “hotel of the year” award in 2009. So the search for perfection will continue, whether in the hotel industry or at the Carl F. Bucherer Manufacture.
When you picture the drug ketamine, you might think of that stoner you knew in high school or a bunch of people popping pills in neon-lit clubs.But do you ever picture a dentist’s office? Ketamine is often used as an anesthetic for procedures on people’s teeth.And it’s a multi-tasker. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved Spravato, a drug based on ketamine, called esketamine, to treat depression via a nasal spray.Here’s more about the FDA’s designation from The Verge:The drug must be administered as a nasal spray, patients must be taking another antidepressant at the same time, and it can only be given to patients who have (unsuccessfully) tried two antidepressants before. Most notably, people won’t able to pick up Spravato at the local Rite Aid. Spravato will only be available in certified clinics.Ketamine may not work for every patient, but for some, it may come as an enormous relief.About 12 to 20 percent of adults with depression don’t respond to other types of treatment or medication. That population is called “treatment resistant.”And some of the more commonly prescribed drugs, like Prozac or Trazodone, don’t have the efficacy we might hope for; studies show only around 37 percent of those who use these medications experience full remission.Journalist Alice Levitt is one of those treatment-resistant patients. And she finally tried ketamine. Here’s part of what she wrote for Vox about her experience:Each infusion lasted 45 minutes. After my first one, I had a nurse play the cast album of my favorite musical as the drip began. Instead of running wild, my mind became immersed in the music, albeit in a deeply dreamlike state. Each time, it took about 15 to 20 minutes after the effects of the treatment wore off for me to be able to open my eyes and start walking. Afterward, I was exhausted. The half-hour Uber ride home felt like hours as I longed for the warm embrace of a nap.Immediately after each treatment, I felt down. But by the time I woke up the next day, I was in less psychic pain and had more purpose. I would start the day on my long-neglected spin bike, feeling motivation that I’d lacked for months. Lunches with friends no longer felt like they existed just to show them I was still alive and making an effort to get out of the house. I was beginning to connect with the world outside my head again. I noticed myself smiling more. According to Shah, feeling the effects of ketamine within 24 hours of treatment is typical. “It is the most rapid-acting treatment for depression,” he said.After the final infusion, I had the initiative to start writing again. The following week quickly filled up with activities, both work and fun. I was living for the first time in months. It’s been three months since my last treatment, and I’ve even started to feel excited about my future. Shah says I am unlikely to need another dose — I was in the roughly 70 percent who achieve remission after one series of ketamine infusions.And while the research still doesn’t conclusively show that esketamine or ketamine causes depression to go away, the FDA said it approved Spravado because patients needed a new alternative.How do we treat an illness that affects millions of Americans? And why does it seem to be so challenging to find things that help?Produced by Gabrielle Healy. Text by Gabrielle Healy.If you or someone you know needs to talk to someone, the National Suicide Prevention Hotline is 1-800-273-8255, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Referral Helpline is 1-800-662-HELP (4357)GUESTSDr. Gary Sachs, Associate clinical professor in psychiatry at Harvard Medical SchoolDr. Demitri Papolos, Co-director of the Program in Behavioral Genetics and associate professor of clinical psychiatry at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine at the Montefiore Medical CenterAlice Levitt, Writer covering medicine, travel and food, @aliceeatsFor more, visit https://the1a.org.© 2019 WAMU 88.5 – American University Radio. Copyright 2019 WAMU 88.5. To see more, visit WAMU 88.5.
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